Showing posts with label hydraulic power unit. Show all posts
Showing posts with label hydraulic power unit. Show all posts

Process Control Solutions in 45 Seconds

Process Controls Solutions is a value-added distributor and application specialist of process equipment and control products. Additionally, we provide systems integration services and specialize in the design, build, and startup of process and industrial control systems. With decades of experience supporting fluid power, flow control, instrumentation and control system needs, we have accumulated the knowledge to provide innovative solutions for virtually any process application requirement.
(800) 462-5769

Fundamentals of Fluids and Fluid Systems

In order to understand fluid systems it is critical to understand the basic properties of fluids.  This article provides the reader with a fundamental understanding of viscosity, viscosity index, compressibility, and the advantages of petroleum based hydraulic fluids.

Fluids used in mechanical systems come in many different types. The type of fluid chosen for a particular application depends on its characteristics. One of the most important characteristics of a fluid is its viscosity. Viscosity is defined as a fluids resistance to flow. Fluids with low viscosity flow very easily. Water is a type of fluid with low viscosity. Fluids with high viscosity are more resistant to flow. Honey is a type of fluid with a high viscosity, therefore honey is more viscous than water.

Viscosity index
The viscosity index refers to
changes in viscosity relating
to changes in temperature.
Another characteristic of fluids is the viscosity index. This rating relates the flow of a fluid with its temperature. Many fluids begin to flow more easily as temperature increases. The viscosity index is the measurement of this characteristic. A high viscosity index indicates a small viscosity change with temperature. A low viscosity index indicates a large viscosity change with temperature.

Compressibility is another characteristic of fluids. It measures the change in volume of a fluid as a response to a change in pressure. Fluids such as gases are highly compressible. Their volumes change significantly when placed under pressure. Liquid fluids also have a compressibility factor. Water and petroleum based hydraulic fluid are almost completely incompressible. They don't compress when put under pressure. This characteristic is what allows them to be used to transmit power in fluid systems.
Gas compressibility
Gases are highly

Years ago, water was used as the first hydraulic fluid because there was no other liquid available in such large quantities at such a low cost. There are some major draw backs to using water as a working fluid. Due to its low viscosity, it is difficult to pump. Additionally, the speed at which it flows through the system causes an effect known as wire drawing. Wire drawing occurs when the water flow erodes, or scores, a pathway in the metal of machinery as it goes around corners and through orifices. It also has corrosive effects on metal machinery.

Over time petroleum based hydraulic fluids have become much more cost-effective. For starters, it has a lower specific gravity than any other liquid and can be pumped with less power loss. It also lubricates as it works through the system and has little corrosive effects on metal machinery. Flammability is an issue, but with the development of synthetic oils, alternatives to water remain the preferred working fluid.
Liquid compressibility
Water and hydraulic
fluid are almost
completely incompressible.

Several factors should be considered when designing a fluid system that uses a petroleum-based hydraulic fluid. The first is cleanliness. Oil never wears out but it can become so contaminated that it is unfit for further use. Fluid systems frequently employ filters throughout the system to help reduce contaminants. They may also require complete fluid replacement after certain time intervals and this can become cost prohibitive with larger systems. Another factor common to hydraulic fluids are the use of additives. Additives can be used to reduce aeration and the production of bubbles as the fluid travels rapidly throughout the system. They can be used to administer corrosion inhibitors within the reservoir and they can be used as a multi-agent which helps the fluid resist mixing with water.

The choice of modern fluids is so wide that when designing a new system fluid characteristics such as viscosity, viscosity index, cleanliness, filtration and additives should be considered as early as possible in the design process.

Always consult with a fluid systems expert before selecting materials and equipment in any hydraulic system. Their experience and knowledge will help you design an efficient, safe, and cost-effective solution.

For more information, visit or call (800) 462-5769.

Information courtesy of and funded through a Department of Labor grant under

What Are Custom Hydraulic Power Units?

HPU for assembling automotive drivelines
Custom HPU's for assembling automotive drivelines
(Process Control Solutions)
There are many manufacturers of standard model hydraulic power units (HPUs), all of which provide an off-the-shelf, readily available, generically configured system. These standard HPUs are a quick and easy solution when hydraulic power is needed. Many times though, standard HPU's don't fit the bill, and a more customized unit is needed. What to do then?

Custom Designed HPUs
Custom manufactured HPUs are hydraulic power solutions designed to fit a customers exact requirement. Customization generally involves the inclusion of special manifolds, cooling fans, level controls, heat exchangers, filtration systems, relief valves, pressure switches and temperature control.

Why Custom?
Certain processes require unique features. A user's proprietary application might require higher pressures, faster response, or continuous operation. While is sounds antithetical, custom HPUs can actually be less expensive than prebuilt, standard model units. This is because custom units are sized and equipped with only the components the application requires. So in actuality, deciding on a custom HPU can potentially lower initial cost and increase profits by improved long-term performance.

Custom hydraulic power units are used in widely in compacting applications, automotive manufacturing equipment, transportation equipment, mining equipment, agricultural equipment, and in many industrial applications.

Vendor Selection
The variety of specialized features for hydraulic power units is endless, making engineering depth and broad application experience very important. Make sure this is proven when interviewing a prospective vendor. The more diversified they are in applying hydraulic power units, the more likely you'll have a positive outcome.